Geriatric Pet Care

Senior Pet Care                      

Senior Dog Care

Dogs older than seven years of age are considered senior pets. Senior dogs are in the stage of life in which the aging process is beginning to affect every organ system. Some organs "wear out" faster or are more susceptible to cumulative damage than others, so certain observations are especially important to make. The following is a list of key recommendations that we feel are important for older dogs.

  • Keep vaccinations current. Your veterinarian will determine the proper vaccine schedule for your senior pet's lifestyle. Most senior pets will receive most vaccines every three years. Some vaccines with shorter duration of immunity such as the "kennel cough," Leptospirosis or Lyme disease vaccines may be given more frequently (every six to twelve months).
  • Have blood and urine tests evaluated at least once a year. Early detection of chronic diseases such as kidney disease, thyroid disease and diabetes is the key to successful treatment and preservation of quality of life.
  • Brush your pet frequently to prevent matts. This can contribute to skin infections and may hide skin tumors.senior_dogs_-_recommendations-1_2009
  • Clip toe nails as needed to prevent overgrowth. Long toe nails may cause the dog to stand and walk abnormally and result in pain or accelerate and exacerbate arthritic changes.
  • Keep plenty of fresh water available and monitor its consumption. Increases in water consumption or urination are often associated with conditions such as diabetes, kidney and liver disease.
  • Keep other pets from preventing your senior pet access to food and water.
  • Keep your senior pet indoors most of the time, especially in inclement weather.
  • Weigh on the same scale and record results at least every two months. Changes in weight can be an early indicator of disease.

How often should I take my senior dog to the veterinarian?

"You should take your senior dog to the veterinarian at least once a year for an annual check-up."

You should take your senior dog to the veterinarian at least once a year for an annual check-up. It is very important to have your veterinarian examine your dog if you notice for any of the following:

1.  Sustained significant increase in water consumption. (normal water intake should be less  than 100 ml/kg/day or approximately 1 ½ cups (12  ounces)/day for a 10 pound dog)

2.  Sustained significant increase in urination.

3.  Weight loss.

4.  Significant decrease in appetite or failure to eat for more than two consecutive days.

5.  Significant increase in appetite.

6.  Repeated vomiting.

7.  Diarrhea that lasts over three days.

8.  Difficulty in passing stool or urine.

9.  Sudden loss of housetraining.


10.   Lameness that lasts more than three days, or lameness in more than one leg.

11.   Noticeable decrease in vision, especially if sudden in onset or pupils that do not constrict in bright light.

12.   Masses, ulcerations (open sores), or multiple scabs on the skin that persist more than one week.

13.   Foul mouth odor or drooling that lasts over two days.

14.   Increasing size of the abdomen.

15.   Increasing inactivity or amount of time spent sleeping.

16.   Hair loss, especially if accompanied by scratching, or if the loss is in specific areas (as opposed to generalized).

17.   Persistent coughing or gagging.

18.   Excessive panting.

19.   Sudden collapse or bouts of weakness.

20.   Inability to chew dry food.

21.  A seizure (convulsion or "fit").

This client information sheet is based on material written by: Ernest Ward, DVM
© Copyright 2009 Lifelearn Inc. Used and/or modified with permission under license.
Preventative veterinary care - We recommend to all owners of pets seven years of age or older the following Senior Preventative Health Care Program:
  • Senior Physical Examination
  • Blood Chemistry Geriatric Profile
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Intestinal Parasite Exam
  • Urine chemistries, pH, sediment exam
  • Chest X-rays and Cardiac Evaluation 
  • Nutritional Consultation

With all the above tests, the veterinarians at ParkView Animal Hospital are able to evaluate the internal and external organ function and the physical and nutritional status of your older pet. Frequently, during these examinations we find early preventable stages of heart, lung, kidney, liver, or hormonal diseases, that when managed properly can extend both the length of your pet’s life and even more importantly improve the quality of life for your aging pet.

ParkView Animal Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL - Call us at 727-526-3137